Frequenly Asked Questions

  • Slow and un-sustained economic growth
  • Limited growth and development of the Micro and Small Enterprises     (MSEs)
  • Low levels of productivity and competitiveness
  • Technological gap
  • Weak linkage between education and training, and labour market demands.
  • Lack of up-to-date labour market information
  • Rapid growth in population
  • Un-coordinated administration of labour migration
  • Gender inequality.
  • Absence of a comprehensive wages policy
  • Inadequate coordination of employment creation interventions
  • Weak implementation of programmes
  • Inadequate social protection system
  • Absence of a policy, institutional and legal framework to anchor the employment creation
  • High Unemployment rates of 12.7 %
  • Under-employment and high poverty rates
  • Gender imbalances in unemployment and under-employment
  • Limited attention to problems of persons with disabilities
  • A formal sector which is creating too few jobs
  • Formal production sectors which are creating too few jobs
  • A public sector that dominates formal sector employment but is not dynamic in job creation
  • A private sector that is supposed to lead in employment creation, but is not doing so.
  • Rapid growth of new entrants into the labour force which are not matched by new job creation, hence increasing the pool of unemployed, under-employment and the poor.
  • High proportion of labour force with no formal schooling and skills.
  • Educational system which is expanding rapidly but outputs have limited skills and knowledge demanded by the labour market.

Entrepreneurial and technical skills in short supply.

  • Reviewing and reversing the past national investment strategies which have led to very slow job creation in the formal sector.
  • Making the growth process more employment intensive or centred.
  • Ensuring gender equity in employment through a more aggressive implementation of the National gender policy and its strategic action plan.
  • Reducing the capital intensity of the growth process by shifting investment into more employment intensive sectors such as agriculture, commerce and industries, the urban informal economy and small and medium scale enterprises; and
  • Addressing supply side factors which would reduce the rate of growth of labour force, and increase its productivity through technical skills and entrepreneurial development and microfinance, in the productivity sectors.
  • Improving the enabling environment to enable the private sector play its supposed lead role in economic growth and employment creation.
  • Increasing transparency, accountability, and good governance in the public and private sectors.
  • Improving capacity to produce and use labour market information as a basis for informed policy formulation.
  • Developing and implementing a National Action Plan on employment creation.
  • Promoting labour-based sectors and technologies for decent job creation.
  • Ensuring employment impact analysis and assessment of all government contracts & projects.
  • Open unemployment is 12.7 per cent
  • Underemployment 21 per cent
  • Working poor estimated at 46 per cent
  • The youth comprises of persons aged between 15 and 30 years.
  • They account for about 36 per cent of the total population.
  • Youth population is projected to increase to 24 million by the year 2017.
  • Large proportion of the youth lack appropriate skills thus reducing their employability.
  • Inadequate labour market information.
  • Mis-match between the skills youths possess and those required by the industry.
  • Poor working conditions in the informal sector which absorbs a large number of young women and men.
  • Inadequate industrial training and attachment which would provide young people with skills and experience to enhance employability.
  • Lack of capacity among the youth to organize themselves in a systematic manner that would facilitate easy reach and access to resources

An Average, about 700,000 new jobs are created annually. About 81% of these new jobs are in the informal sector

  • Accelerating and Sustaining high rates of economic growth
  • Developing and Promoting Youth Targeted Employment Programmes (e.g., 30 % Procurement Rule, Youth Fund, Women Enterprise Fund)
  • Re-energizing Sectors with high employment potential
  • Enhancing Growth and Development of Micro and Small Enterprises
  • Promoting Productivity and Competitiveness
  • Promoting Adoption of Technology
  • Improving Linkage between Education and Training Institutions, and Industry
  • Develop and Implement an Integrated Industrial Training and Attachment System
  • Establishing and Maintaining a Labour Market Information System
  • Strengthening the Framework for Employment Services
  • Streamlining Foreign Employment

Labour Migration Pre-requisite

What do I require? Where Do I get It? How do I get It?
Valid Kenyan Passport Director of Immigration Services

·            Nairobi –     Nyayo House

·            Mombasa

·            Kisumu – Re-insurance Plaza

You require:-

–               Original Birth Certificate

–               National Identity Card

–               Two passport size coloured photographs (Not photo me)

–               Filled application form

–               Police Clearance Certificate

–               Kshs.5,000/=

–               To visit the office in person

Original Birth Certificate




















Ministry of Interior & Co-ordination of National Government – Civil Registration Department

–               District Registrar of Births and Deaths














You require:-


When a birth was registered when it occurred:-


–               acknowledgement of Birth Notification (ABN)

–               Certificate fee of Kshs.50/=

–               Record Amendment of Kshs.40/=, if any amendments are required.

When a birth was not registered when it occurred:-

–               Filled birth registration forms

–               Own original ID Card

–               School-leaving certificate

–               Baptismal card

–               For minors, parents ID/Cards

–               Clinic card, where available

–               Those in permanent and pensionable employment, a letter from employer showing date of birth in personal file.

–               Certificate fees is as follows:

–               Born before district was declared compulsory registration – Kshs.50/=

–               Born after district was declared compulsory registration – kshs.150/=

Police Clearance Certificate Nairobi CID Headquarters along Kiambu Road You require:-

–               To present yourself in person

–               Copy  of Identity Card

–               Kshs.1,000/=



Valid contract of service Employment Agent Your require:-

–               copy of Foreign Contract of Service Forms (LD21) from Ministry of Labour, Social Security & Services.

Medical Certificate –               Recognized medical institution

–               A medical institution specified by the prospective employer or agent.

Your require:-

–               Copy of Foreign Contract of Service forms (LD 21) from Ministry of East African Community, Labour and Social Protection.

–               Medical examination fees (depending on institutions)

Work Permit Destination countries You require to apply through respective embassies or agents.
Travel/Visa Embassies of Destination countries You require:-

–               application

–               Passport